Swiss Quartz Movement In Chronographs


Swiss Quartz movement in a watch indicates that the watch uses a small piece of the mineral quartz which vibrates at an exact frequency when electricity is passed through it. A device with this kind of movement is called a crystal oscillator.

The circuit inside the watch translates this vibration into a steady time signal. What we get as a result is watches that keep time. There are thousands of different designs and styles of watches available these days but it all started with the invention of the chronograph movement. In order to understand how watches really work we need to know what a chronograph is.

Chronograph definition

The word chronograph originates from the Greek word ‘chronos’ and ‘graph’ which means time-writing. The earliest versions of chronograph had a pen attached to the dial in order to indicate how much time had passed.

A chronograph is a timepiece designed to measure time in two distinct ways. The first one is ordinary time telling in a 12 hour format and the other one is what we know as the stopwatch today or the technique to tell exactly how much time has elapsed.

Each function of the chronograph is independent of each other, which means that these kinds of watches can read time and act as a stop watch at the same time without interfering.

Watches with chronograph movement have several sub-dials with a scale to read the measurements and a second central hand that can be started and stopped.

The complexity of the design of the chronographs depends on the number of secondary dials. Most commonly there are two, three or four dials to indicate the hour, minute and seconds but there are complex chronographs that can have sub-dials to display day and date or even the moon phases.

Now that you know the chronograph watch definition it is interesting to know what really goes inside a chronograph watch.

When the start button is pushed on the chronograph to commence the recording process, a series of three or more wheels start revolving. The smallest wheel has a revolution time of one second, the next one has sixty seconds and the final one has sixty minutes. These three wheels connect with each other and record the time elapsed since the recording was initiated.

Some of the significant uses of the chronograph include the use by the US Navy to record and calculate data and the use during NASA’s Apollo missions to the moon.

These devices are now commonly used by doctors to record heartbeats, by athletes to record speed and by cooks as a kitchen timer.

The Swiss quartz movement is a special type of movement in chronograph watches mastered by the Swiss watch manufacturers. Most of the modern chronographs include automatic movement and are used for wrist watches with the capability of telling time in hours, minutes and seconds.

Chronographs are more expensive than regular analog or digital watches because of the complexity and the skilled craftsmanship that the manufacturing of each chronograph watch entails.